Table of Contents
The Miniature Bull Terrier is almost identical to a Bull Terrier, only smaller. In fact, before 1991, the AKC classified the two Bullies as different breeds. Miniature Bull Terrier has a shoulder height of 10 to 14 inches. They’re square, muscular, and powerful for their size.
A large egg-shaped head with dark, triangular eyes twinkling with mischief is their trademark. It’s impossible to confuse a Miniature Bull Terrier with another breed. The coat can be completely white or have a lot of colored markings.
|Name||Miniature Bull Terrier|
|Other names||Bull Terrier (Miniature)|
|Breed Group||Terrier (AKC:1991 & UKC)|
|Life span||10-12 years|
|Colors||Black & Tan
|Puppy Price||Average $1500 – $2500 USD|
Bulldogs were crossed with now-extinct English terriers in the 1830s to create the Bull Terrier as a fighting dog. Soon after, breeders began working on a miniature version for use as above-ground ratters The Miniature Bull Terrier was the result of a lengthy trial-and-error period. Miniatures are now companion dogs, but their ratter instinct and protective streak are remnants of the breed’s early years.
Bull Terriers were developed for a specific purpose in 19th century England: fighting. The bulldog was crossed with a variety of terriers, including the now-extinct White English Terrier. The result was a fearless, agile dog that could take on any challenge. The original cross was a small dog, similar to the Miniature Bull Terrier of today. The dogs’ size was increased by adding Pointer blood. Weight was a common criterion for pitting dogs, and there was a subculture of fanciers who cultivated the miniature size. It fell out of favour after blood sports were made illegal.
Breeders have recently been working hard to refine the heads of the miniature variety, which were previously less refined than the larger ones. They appear to have been successful. The American Kennel Club granted membership to Miniature Bull Terriers in 1992.
The Miniature Bull Terrier has a strong, symmetrical, and active build, as well as a keen, determined, and intelligent expression. He is fiery, brave, and even-tempered, and he should be willing to be disciplined.
Official Standard of the Miniature Bull Terrier
General Appearance: The Miniature Bull Terrier must be strongly built, symmetrical and active, with a keen, determined and intelligent expression. He should be full of fire, having a courageous, even temperament, and be amenable to discipline.
Size, Proportion, Substance: Height 10 to 14 inches. Dogs outside these limits should be faulted. Weight in proportion to height. In proportion, the Miniature Bull Terrier should give the appearance of being square.
Head: The head should be long, strong, and deep, right to the end of the muzzle, but not coarse. The full face should be oval in outline and be filled up, giving the impression of fullness with a surface devoid of hollows or indentations, i.e., egg-shaped.
The profile should curve gently downwards from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose. The forehead should be flat across from ear to ear.
The distance from the tip of the nose to the eyes should be perceptibly greater than that from the eyes to the top of the skull. The underjaw should be deep and well-defined. To achieve a keen, determined and intelligent expression, the eyes should be well sunken and as dark as possible with a piercing glint. They should be small, triangular, and obliquely placed, set near together, and high up on the dog’s head.
The ears should be small, thin, and placed close together, capable of being held stiffly erect when they point upwards. The nose should be black, with well-developed nostrils bent downwards at the tip. The lips should be clean and tight.
The teeth should meet in either a level or scissor bite. In the scissor bite, the top teeth should fit in front of and closely against the lower teeth. The teeth should be sound, strong, and perfectly regular.
Neck, Topline, Body: The neck should be very muscular, long, and arched; tapering from the shoulders to the head, it should be free from loose skin.
The back should be short and strong with a slight arch over the loin. Behind the shoulders, there should be no slackness or dip at the withers. The body should be well rounded with a marked spring of rib. The back ribs are deep.
The chest should be broad when viewed from in front. There should be great depth from withers to brisket so that the latter is nearer to the ground than the belly. The underline, from the brisket to the belly, should form a graceful upward curve.
The tail should be short, set on low, fine, and should be carried horizontally. It should be thick where it joins the body and should taper to a fine point.
Forequarters: The shoulders should be strong and muscular colors but without heaviness. The shoulder blades should be wide and flat and there should be a very pronounced backward slope from the bottom edge of the blade to the top edge.
The legs should be big-boned but not to the point of coarseness. The forelegs should be of moderate length, perfectly straight, and the dog must stand firmly upon them. The elbows must turn neither in nor out, and the pasterns should be strong and upright.
Hindquarters: The hind legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. The thighs are very muscular with hocks well let down. The stifle joint is well bent with a well-developed second thigh. The hind pasterns should be short and upright.
Feet: The feet are round and compact with well-arched toes like a cat.
Coat: The coat should be short, flat, and harsh to the touch with a fine gloss. The dog’s skin should fit tightly.
Colour: For white, pure white coat. Markings on head and skin pigmentation are not to be penalized. For colored, any color to predominate.
Gait: The dog shall move smoothly, covering the ground with free, easy strides. Fore and hind legs should move parallel to each other when viewed from in front or behind, with the forelegs reaching out well and the hind legs moving smoothly at the hip and flexing well at the stifle and hock. The dog should move compactly and in one piece but with a typical jaunty air that suggests agility and power.
Temperament: The temperament should be full of fire and courage, but even and amenable to discipline. Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points shall be considered a fault, and the seriousness of the fault shall be in exact proportion to its degree.
Miniature Bull Terrier needs high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval, should be fine. Any diet should be tailored to the age of the dog (puppy, adult, or senior).
Some Miniature Bull Terrier is prone to becoming overweight, so keep an eye on your dog’s calorie intake and weight. Treats can be a useful training aid, but giving too many can lead to obesity.
Discover which human foods are suitable for dogs and which are not. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet, consult your veterinarian. At all times, clean, freshwater should be available.
Aside from regular baths and a weekly brushing with a soft brush or hound glove, the Miniature Bull Terrier doesn’t require much grooming. To avoid splitting and cracking of an overgrown nail, the breed’s strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder.
Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid wax and debris buildup, which can lead to infection. Teeth should be brushed on a regular basis, and your veterinarian should clean them on a regular basis.
It can be difficult to exercise a Miniature Bull Terrier. They need plenty of exercise as puppies to stay in shape and maintain muscle tone, but they are prone to “sudden lameness.” This is due to a mix of muscle weight and density, high growth rate, and the breed’s inherent nature, which keeps them moving virtually constantly.
Until the dog is fully matured, its joints may be unable to bear the excesses. As a result, an Miniature Bull Terrier puppy’s exercise should be limited to a minimum. Allow them to never jump from great heights or come to a quick stop at high speeds.
Mini Bulls, like all terriers, demand a firm hand and a gentle voice, as well as a lot of patience and a good sense of humor. Miniature Bull Terrier is bright, curious, and self-reliant, yet they do enjoy pleasing their humans once they figure out what they want.
Many Miniature Bull Terrier owners recommend clicker training. To maintain your Miniature Bull Terrier’s attention, whatever approach you use, keep your tone positive and training sessions light and pleasant. The importance of early socialization cannot be overstated.
Inquire about the findings of health tests performed on the sire and dam, as well as results for heart and kidney problems, deafness, luxating patellas, and primary lens luxation on the puppy. Puppies are prone to abrupt lameness, so it’s important to keep certain of their activities to a minimum.
Breeder members of the Miniature Bull Terrier Club of America are required to test all breeding stock and puppies. Any reputable breeder should join a breed club and follow their guidelines.
The National Breed Club recommends the following health tests:
- BAER Testing
- Analyses of the Kidneys and Urine
- Exam by an ophthalmologist
- Cardiac Examination
- DNA Test for PLL
Miniature Bull Terriers are prone to a variety of health issues (both physiological and psychological), and anyone considering adopting one should be aware of them. Both colored and white Miniature Bull Terriers can develop deafness.
Puppies can be born unilaterally deaf (only one ear is deaf) or bilaterally deaf (both ears are deaf) (deaf in both ears). Due to the hereditary nature of deafness, deaf dogs should not be bred. Prior to sale, BEAP (or BAER) testing is performed on puppies to determine which ones have hearing problems.
Lethal Acrodermatitis (LAD)
It is a genetic degenerative disease that affects Miniature Bull Terriers. Around the age of four weeks, it appears in puppies. Due to a zinc deficiency, the usual black color of affected puppies will begin to fade and turn liverish, resulting in a terrible skin condition, overall system dysfunction, and eventually premature death.
Miniature Bull Terriers suffer from Lethal Acrodermatitis, a serious inherited skin condition that leads to early death. This disease results in severe growth retardation, thick skin, and painful blisters on the muzzle, eyes, nose, ears, feet, and mucous membranes, as well as pneumonia and death.
The muzzle, ears, feet, legs, and groyne are the most commonly affected areas. By the time the puppy is six to eight weeks old, most breeders can tell it has the disease because it is less than half the size of the other puppies in the litter and has flat, splayed feet with dermatitis.
To test breeding stock and ensure LAD-free puppies, a new DNA test was released.
Symptoms of Dogs with Lethal Acrodermatitis
If your dog has lethal acrodermatitis, symptoms will most likely appear between the ages of three and six months. The following are some of the most common complaints:
- Legs and feet have thickened skin.
- On the toes, there are painful eruptions.
- Face lesions and pustules
- Mucous membrane blisters (lips, nostrils, mouth, genitals, throat)
- Growth is slow.
- Standing with your legs splayed apart
- Nails that are deformed or broken
- Difficulty eating
- Bacterial infections in large numbers
- Nasal discharge that is frequent
- Pneumonia (extremely high body temperature, coughing, and difficulty breathing)
It is a problem in Miniature Bull Terriers. This is a common knee problem in small dogs. Surgery can be used to treat it.
Polycystic kidney disease and Bull Terrier hereditary nephritis
Autosomal dominant diseases include polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and Bull Terrier hereditary nephritis (BTHN). A specialist veterinarian uses an Ultrasonic scan to diagnose PKD. A UPC test is used to diagnose BTHN.
Dogs with a score of.3 or less are considered disease-free. Prior to use, the breeding stock must be cleared to ensure that progeny are not infected with the disease.
Eye problems, such as primary lens luxation, are also common in Miniature Bull Terriers. PLL is a late-onset disease that affects dogs between the ages of two and seven. There have been cases of both younger and older people.
The Animal Health Trust released a definitive DNA test in September 2009. There are three possible outcomes from this test: Clear, Carrier, or Affected.
Heart diseases include aortic valve stenosis and mitral valve dysplasia. A specialist veterinarian uses color doppler echocardiography scanning to make the diagnosis.
A Miniature Bull Terrier’s skin can develop problems. Pyotraumatic dermatitis (hot spots), allergic reactions, and hives are all common side effects. The United Kingdom and the United States
Interbreeding, or mating a Miniature Bull Terrier and a Bull Terrier, is permitted in Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, but only for a limited time. In the Miniature, interbreeding is used to reduce the incidence of Primary Lens Luxation. Because the Bull Terrier lacks the PLL gene, all offspring are phenotypically normal for the disease.
DID YOU KNOW!
- The AKC recognized the Miniature Bull Terrier as the 134th breed in 1991.
- Miniature Bull Terriers used to be divided into three categories: toy, miniature, and standard. The toy dog, on the other hand, has fallen out of favour, and now only Miniature and Standard size Bull Terriers are available.
- These dogs have a high level of activity, are intelligent and creative, and are truly independent thinkers.
- The Miniature Bull Terrier originated in England.
- The Bulldog and the now-extinct White English Terrier were interbred in the early nineteenth century to produce the “Bull and Terrier,” later known as the Bull Terrier.
Living With Miniature Bull Terrier
Those who welcome this breed into their homes and hearts ought to have a fun personality. The Miniature Bull Terrier has a lot of fun with his games. The mini bull’s inquisitive and mischievous nature frequently gets it into trouble, but as long as it is given the opportunity to exercise both mind and body on a daily basis, it is a well-behaved house dog.
Despite being too small for the job, this dog is a good watchdog and adequate protection dog. This is not a breed that can survive in the wild.
Wash and wear are how to care for a coat.
Breed Characteristics of Miniature Bull Terrier
The history of the Miniature Bull Terrier is similar to that of the Standard Bull Terrier. Bulldog vs. bullfighting was extremely popular in the early 1800s. Fans of this so-called “sport” decided to create a dog that could more quickly attack bulls.
The Bull Terrier breed was created when the Bulldog was crossed with the Old English Terrier and the Spanish Pointer. They quickly discovered that Bull Terriers were not the most effective fighters. In 1860, the white-coated variety dubbed the “White Cavalier,” quickly became a popular noble pet. Guard dogs, ratters, herders, and watchdogs have all been used in the past.
The Miniature Bull Terrier is a muscular, well-built dog. The body is well-rounded, and the back is short and strong. Their nose is black and their head is long and oval. They have almond-shaped, deep-set eyes that are usually dark in colour.
They have small, thin ears that are close together. Their necks are long and muscular, and their shoulders are strong. The tail is set low and carried horizontally on the short side. Dense, short, flat, and harsh to the touch, the coat is dense, short, flat, and harsh to the touch.
Miniature Bull Terriers are sweet and loyal It is stubborn and independent and requires firm but gentle training — as well as a good sense of humor. It enjoys exploring and playing. It enjoys digging and requires a lot of exercise.
Miniature Bull Terriers can live happily in an apartment if sufficient exercise is provided. They should be exercised frequently to avoid obesity.
They can get along with other dogs their size or bigger, but toy dogs and cats are likely to set off their prey drive. They will chase and kill them if given the chance. Confine him to your yard with a solid fence. An underground electronic fence will not deter the Mini Bull Terrier if he sees something he wants to chase.
Good with Kids: This is a suitable dog breed for kids. It is also friendly toward other pets and shy toward strangers.
The Miniature Bull Terrier loves long walks and running off the leash but should be watched carefully around other dogs and cats.
Miniature Bull Terriers require little grooming. A quick brushing once a day or a few times a week is sufficient to keep the fur in order, as it cannot become tangled due to its length.
Low Maintenance: Miniature Bull Terriers require little grooming. A quick brushing once a day or a few times a week is sufficient to keep the fur in order, as it cannot become tangled due to its length.
Ranks as 66th from the Smartest Dog Breeds
Miniature Bull Terrier has the character of friendliness and love of people. They don’t like to be left alone for long periods of time. They want to be a part of everything their humans do on a daily basis.
These dogs require a lot of exercise and vigorous playtime due to their high energy and intensity. This dog could become your new best friend if you can be firm and consistent with training, stay active to keep up with your pup and provide plenty of love and attention.
Moderate Shedding: Routine brushing will help. Be prepared to vacuum often!
The Miniature Bull Terrier should be given an obedience course when young. Miniature Bull Terriers are very strong when fully grown, which makes them difficult to train as adults. Handlers must be patient and understanding, as the Miniature Bull Terrier learns quickly but has a stubborn streak.
Great Watchdog Ability: If an intruder is present, this dog will bark and alert its owners. It is extremely protective of its family, acts fearlessly in the face of any aggressor, and will go to any length to guard and protect them.
Difference between Bull Terriers and Miniature Bull Terriers
The only difference between Miniature Bull Terriers and full English bull terriers is their size. The American Kennel Club, the ultimate authority on breed standards, claims that the two breeds are identical in every way except size.
The AKC standard limits the height of a mini bull terrier to 10 to 14 inches and does not specify a weight limit other than that it should be proportionate. The full bull terrier has no standard size, but the most common height is between 21 and 22 inches.
Miniature Bull Terrier was Bred to Fight
The miniature bull terrier was developed in the early 1900s as the standard bull terrier became more popular in the United Kingdom and the United States. It was developed through selective breeding from the standard bull terrier.
It is believed to be roughly the same size as the original bull terriers found in the UK during the 1800s, despite being much smaller than the standard bull terrier.
Bull terriers were bred to hunt vermin like mice and rats, as well as participate in blood sports like dog fighting. Bull terriers were developed to combine the strength and physical characteristics of a bulldog with the intelligence and agility of a terrier.
They wouldn’t have looked like today’s bull terriers; rather, they were defined as having a menacing appearance, cropped ears, and a rough appearance. The dogs became more like the bull terriers we see currently as the breed evolved.
Miniature Bull Terriers were a lot lighter and had a lot more energy than their forefathers. The miniature bull terrier was developed later as a smaller, easier-to-handle version of the standard bull terrier.
They still have some of the fighting instincts that they were bred for, so owners should be aware that if provoked, these dogs will attack other animals.
Obsessive Tail Chasers
Miniature Bull Terriers have been known to engage in compulsive behavior such as spinning or chasing their tail. When the dog repeats this behavior over and over, it can become a problem because it starts to interfere with its normal life.
This canine compulsive disorder is thought to have a hereditary component, though it can also be acquired through the environment. These behaviors are more likely to appear if the dog is not sufficiently stimulated or exercised and becomes bored.
This anxiety disorder is anxiety-related, and if the environment is ideal, it may never manifest in those who are susceptible to it. A dog that is exposed to environmental triggers but is not susceptible to this disorder, on the other hand, will not exhibit the behavior.
Some environmental factors that cause a dog’s stress can cause spinning. If this behavior starts, it’s critical to figure out what’s causing the dog’s stress so that it can be addressed and the behavior can be avoided. It’s also critical to work on positive reinforcement training that reduces the dog’s anxiety and redirects their behavior toward more appropriate behaviors.
FAQs on Miniature Bull Terrier
Is it true that Miniature Bull Terriers are hypoallergenic?
No! Miniature Bull Terriers are a breed of dog that is not hypoallergenic. These dogs are known to produce a significant amount of dander and to shed their fur on a regular basis, albeit in a moderate manner.
Are Miniature Bull Terriers friendly with Kids?
Yes, of course! The Miniature Bull Terrier is an excellent breed for children. With small children, these pooches are extremely affectionate and friendly, and they also enjoy playing a variety of games with children of all ages. If a parent is looking for a playmate for their child, a Bull Terrier may be a good choice.
Is it true that Miniature Bull Terriers get along with other dogs?
Bull Terriers, on the whole, are not particularly friendly or kind to other dogs. Because these pooches have a hard time trusting other dogs, they don’t get along well with other pooches. Because an untrained Bull Terrier can be aggressive toward other dogs, it is critical to properly train and socialize these pooches with a variety of animals, including other dogs, while they are still puppies, so that as they grow older, they will be more sociable and gentle with other animals.
Do Miniature Bull Terriers get along with cats?
Miniature Bull Terriers are not known to get along well with the majority of other household pets, including cats. These dogs have a habit of chasing small animals, making them unsuitable for families who want to raise two pets at the same time. However, with the right guidance, training, and socialization, a Bull Terrier can become kinder and more affable with other animals, such as cats.
Are Miniature Bull Terriers good watchdogs?
Yes, of course! Miniature Bull Terriers have strong protective instincts and guarding abilities, making them excellent guard dogs and family protectors. These dogs are capable of effectively guarding their homes and protecting their family members from any potential danger or threat. Miniature Bull Terriers are fearless by nature, and they have just the right amount of aggression to make a good guard dog.
Can Miniature Bull Terriers live in apartments?
Yes, of course! Miniature Bull Terriers are a good choice for an apartment dog. They quickly adapt to apartment life and are known to be content in their homes if all of their exercise needs are met on a regular basis.
Do Miniature Bull Terriers shed a lot of hair?
Miniature Bull Terriers are mostly shedders during the summer. They do shed their fur on a regular basis, but it is very limited and controlled. However, during the shedding season, the frequency and amount of shedding increase significantly, necessitating regular brushing of these pooches’ coats.
Is it safe to own a Bull Terrier if you’re a first-time dog owner?
Miniature Bull Terriers are not a good choice for first-time dog owners or inexperienced dog owners. To become more sociable with other animals, these pooches require a lot of guidance and training from their owners. They also have fairly high exercise requirements that must be met on a regular basis in order to keep these dogs healthy and happy. As a result, the amount of effort and experience required to properly raise a Bull Terrier is considerable, and a novice or first-time owner may become overwhelmed, making this breed unsuitable for them.
Do Miniature Bull Terriers bark a lot?
Miniature Bull Terriers aren’t known for barking excessively or unnecessarily. These dogs primarily use their voices to request something from their owners or family members, as well as to express their emotions. Aside from that, they don’t seem to bark all that much.
What amount of exercise does a Miniature Bull Terriers require on a daily basis?
To stay fit, fine, and healthy, Miniature Bull Terriers need a lot of exercise on a daily basis. Miniature Bull Terriers benefit from regular long walks or running sessions because it keeps them active and moving. They also enjoy playing games such as frisbeeing, catch-the-ball, and other similar activities with their friends and loved ones. It is critical to meet all of their exercise needs on a regular basis, as this is beneficial not only to their physical fitness but also to their mental health and happiness.
Can Miniature Bull Terriers be left alone for long periods of time?
Miniature Bull Terriers can survive on their own for a few hours with no problems. However, if they are left alone for long periods of time, they can become bored and frustrated, which can lead to bad habits such as constant barking, peeing inside the house, destroying the furniture, and so on. As a result, just like most other breeds, leaving a Bull Terrier alone in the house for long periods of time is not a good idea.
Is training Bull Terriers simple?
Training Miniature Bull Terriers is notoriously difficult. Because of their stubborn and independent personalities, these dogs are easily distracted during training sessions. It is critical to start training these dogs at a young age in order to make the process easier and less demanding, as controlling a small and young dog is far easier than dealing with a fully grown dog. Furthermore, when training these dogs, owners should be gentle and patient with them because they are highly sensitive dogs who may be injured by harsh training methods.
What are the grooming requirements of a Bull Terrier?
Terriers only need a little grooming to look their best. To avoid matting issues, their coat should only be brushed once a week. They can keep themselves clean and tidy with only a few baths every now and then. However, they should have their ears cleaned on a regular basis to avoid ear infections. Their teeth should be brushed on a regular basis, and their nails should be trimmed as needed.
What is the tolerance of the Bull Terrier to heat?
Miniature Bull Terriers have a high level of heat tolerance. Because of their sturdy build and incredible tolerance to high temperatures, they can comfortably live in hot areas and don’t require much protection from their owners during the summer months.
What is the tolerance of the Bull Terrier to cold?
Miniature Bull Terriers have a very low tolerance for cold temperatures. These pooches aren’t meant for extremely cold climates, and they won’t be able to live comfortably in most of the world’s chilly or snowy regions.
Is the Bull Terrier a smart dog breed?
Miniature Bull Terriers are a reasonably intelligent breed of dog. They have adequate learning and thinking skills, as well as adequate problem-solving and decision-making abilities.
Is a Bull Terrier friendly to strangers?
Yes, of course! Strangers are welcomed with open arms by Bull Terriers. They are always eager to meet new people and are known for their warm and affectionate greetings. However, just because the Miniature Bull Terriers are friendly with other people doesn’t mean they trust everyone; they can tell the difference between a friendly stranger and someone who might harm their family, and as a result, these pooches are regarded as excellent guard dogs. They are pleasant to be around, but they are also intelligent.
Do Miniature Bull Terriers have a lot of drool?
No, no, and no! Miniature Bull Terriers do not drool excessively. They drool mostly when they are about to eat or when they want something delicious from their family members, but other than that, they don’t drool much.
Are Miniature Bull Terriers high-maintenance and expensive dogs?
Yes, of course! The cost of bringing a Bull Terrier home is quite high. They also have a lot of upkeep requirements. They have a lot of exercise and work requirements, and they’re not easy to train. To grow and develop properly, they also require a high-quality feeding material. Overall, it is fair to say that the Bull Terrier is a breed that requires a lot of attention.
Is it easy to find Miniature Bull Terriers in the USA?
Miniature Bull Terriers have a fair amount of availability in the USA. Although they are not difficult to come by in most of the country’s major cities, their availability is still limited in several smaller regions.
What is the avg price of a Bull Terrier puppy in the USA?
Answer: The average price of a Bull Terrier puppy in India is around $1500 – $2500. But there are a lot of factors that affect their price in the country and because of that, the cost of bringing a Bull Terrier puppy home can go fairly high.
Do Miniature Bull Terriers enjoy swimming?
It all comes down to personal preference, just like with most other breeds. Many Miniature Bull Terriers enjoy swimming and participating in water-related activities, but some dogs may not enjoy playing in the water or spending time near a pool or a beach.