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Police Dog Breeds – When the sun goes down, the guardians of the night come out, and these guardians are dogs. Dogs are those who love us more than they love themselves. They are not only a true friend but also our true saviors, and they are proving this point by being a part of the police work team.
Police dog breeds are specifically trained to help police and other law-enforcement personnel. From smell power to fighting ability, these dogs have some special characteristics that differentiate them from normal street dogs and pet dogs. Also, these characteristics make them perfect for combating different kinds of situations.
History of Police Dog Units
These furry creatures have been a part of law enforcement since the middle ages. However, the first attempt to use a dog for police work occurred in 1889 in London. Sir Charles Warren, the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, trained two bloodhounds to track down serial killer Jack the Reaper. However, it was not an easy task to train them.
Following the flow, different police workers started hiring Bloodhounds for police work seeking the history of them being the best hunting dogs with great smell power and tracking abilities. Europe was the first nation to use dogs for this purpose on a large basis. However, the Belgium police department introduced the first organized police dog service program in 1899. Different police dog breeds entered into the team in the early 1990s.
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Top 5 Police Dog Breeds of Modern Era
#1 German Shepherd – Best of the Best Working Dogs
A famous dog breed that has a long history in the K-9 world. Whenever it comes to police dogs, the first image that comes to most of the people’s minds is “German Shepherd”. Over the years, this excellent breed has gained a reputation as the world’s leading police dog.
There are multiple reasons for the German shepherd being one of the best choices of the K9 unit. It can be said that it is in the blood of these dogs to be competent enough. For other breeds, what may prove stressful is just normal for this German breed.
- These are relaxed and well-tempered dogs that will allow strangers to approach them if their boss approves. They will not resort to violence unless their work requires it.
- When it comes to intelligence, GSDs are usually on the second number. They construe instructions in a better way than other breeds, and they learn different tasks quickly and effectively.
- “Curiosity killed the cat”, one of the famous idioms that symbolize being curious about other people’s affairs, may get you into a great problem. However, this is not the case here; in fact, this curiosity of German Shepherds has helped them grab the opportunity to be excellent guard dogs. They are moderately active dogs that are willing to learn and have an eagerness to have a purpose.
- German shepherds are powerful, athletic, and energetic dogs. They are quick, capable of taking down their criminals. Plus, they enjoy working long hours. They are usually contemplated as high-energy dogs that need a lot of physical activity and exercise.
It can be concluded that German Shepherds are prized for their intelligence, obedience, and temperaments. These are the traits that make them a great choice for police work and other services, including farm work, different competitions, etc.
#2 Belgian Malinois – A Precision Instrument
This is the breed that is mostly confused with the German Shepherd breed because of their similar appearance and furry coat. For a long time, they are also increasingly replacing german shepherds in police work. However, they differ in various ways.
- Malinois is a type of dog that is specially designed to spend many hours doing a great job. Even in normal life, Malinois is a well-known canine player that can do athletically demanding work very well.
- Malinois also have an energetic, mental work principle and are eager for new learning experience throughout life. This is what makes them a good choice for a dog that needs to understand and master difficult tasks in a wide variety of ways.
- This breed has a long history as a dog breeder. Their strong defensive instincts are one of the most powerful quirks of this type of dog that make them perfect for the job of protecting their people.
- Being a part of the military is not an easy task. It needs an ultimate level of stamina and athleticism to be a part of this team. However, Malinois can do all of this. Whether it is skydiving, parachuting or swimming or climbing, or any other task, malinois can do all tasks amazingly once they are trained.
- Together with all this, this breed has a very keen sense of smell. Even their smelled piece of work is also admissible as evidence in some courts of law. This trait of these dogs makes them perfect for jobs, including sniffing out contraband, accelerants, explosives, etc.
Nowadays, Malinois is one of the top choices for police dog work, military K-9 service, private sector protection, and security work. This breed’s character makes them perfect for such jobs. The reason for being chosen as a guard dog or police dog lies in Malinois’ physical frame and temperament. This is an extremely energetic, healthy dog with an eagerness to work for a long number of hours.
#3 Bloodhounds – Search & Rescue Dogs
From a friendly companion to a great detective, this breed has all the qualities to serve you with the best. For a long number of years, bloodhounds have helped law enforcement agencies to track down missing persons and criminals. They have some special traits that make them perfect for detective jobs.
- Bloodhounds have an extremely good sense of smell. According to various researches, it has been found that their sense of smell is a thousand times stronger than that of a human.
- While many dogs can follow the smell of old hours, bloodhounds can track a missing person weeks later too. Their sense of smell is powerful to the extent that it can create odor images in its mind, and they use it to pick out the exact scent trail it needs.
- Apart from their nose, their skin also helps them to track scents too. Also, their long ears act as scent sweepers, dragging the ground and sweeping scents toward their noses.
It is true that in this modern era, police forces have exciting new technologies available to them. However, many still believe that bloodhounds are still the best option when it comes to tracking.
#4 Giant Schnauzers – Police Dogs of Modern Era
Giant Schnauzer is a breed that was originally raised as a multipurpose dog that is considered for guarding property and driving animals to market. Then in the 20th-century people started using them as a watchdog at factories and other places, and in this modern time, this breed is being used as a police dog. This is all because of their working ability.
- Giant Schnauzers is considered to be a quiet breed. Because of its breeding, Giant Schnauzer is naturally suspicious of strangers. It has the power to be aggressive, but Giant Schnauzers are often reserved. They are lovely, good-natured dogs but become commanding figures when provoked.
- They are also trustworthy and loyal, especially when it comes to kids. They deeply show their loyalty to their owners and are also known to become highly imprinted to their owners.
- Besides all these, this breed is counted to be an intelligent breed too. They can be easily trained and are also very energetic. They have an eagerness to learn new things. It can be said that Giant Schnauzers are highly spirited dogs.
From being a hard worker to a smart worker, these dogs have exemplary traits that call them a leading pick for police dogs, military dogs, search and rescue dogs, and even guide dogs.
#5 Pit Bulls – New Breed Added to Police Work
For the last 3-4 years, American Pit Bull Terriers have been seen to be added among police dog breeds. Because of their dogfighting history, they were rarely hired for police work; however, this seems to be changing as law enforcement has realized the supreme power of this breed.
- Pit Bulls are confident, fearless, tenacious, brave dogs that are primarily used for detection and patrolling these days.
- They are also intelligent ones who are often playful, eager to please, and good with kids. They are considered to be devoted and dedicated to whatever they do.
- Other than this, one of the major reasons for choosing this dog breed for police work is that a maximum of Pit Bulls used as K-9 units are rescues that save on costly fees of hiring other breeds for the police work.
This fearless, confident creature seems to be more and more demanded in the K9 units. Even this breed can be added to the military too.
Some Infamous Police Dog Breeds
- Belgian Tervuren
- Border Collie
- Golden Retriever
- English Springer Spaniel
- Dutch Shepherd
- German shorthaired pointer
- Cane Corso
- Airedale Terrier
Usage of Police Dog Breeds by Some of the Famous Regions
In India, Belgian Malinois were inserted into the K-9 unit, Border Security Force, and also were used to support the force on the Kashmir border. For regional security, the city’s street dogs have been used by Delhi police. While in Bengal, German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers are used for different police and guardian tasks.
The Australian Police are known to employ different police dog breeds for security purposes, including airport security.
Belgium’s Federal Police has 35 dog teams, and most of the teams comprise Belgian Malinois. Some of them are trained to detect drugs and other illegal items, some of them are trained to track missing people and criminals, and some of them are deployed to earthquake areas, too, as they have been trained to locate people trapped in collapsed buildings.
Police dogs have been widely used in the US for different purposes such as drug, bomb, and weapon detection. Mostly German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois are used for most of the tasks, and other breed dogs are used for some specific purposes only.
Like the US, the UK also uses police dogs for a wide number of tasks. At a time, there were around 2500 police dogs employed in the UK police forces, and most of them were Belgian Malinois.
Q1 What dog breeds are used for police work?
Some of the top police dog breeds are:-
- German Shepherds
- Belgian Malinois
- Giant Schnauzers
Some of the infamous choices for police dog breeds are:-
- Belgian Tervuren
- Border Collie
- Golden Retriever
- English Springer Spaniel
Q2 Why is Belgian Malinois a top choice for police dogs?
Belgian Malinois are very much similar to German Shepherds. They are energetic dogs with strong defensive instincts and have an ultimate level of stamina and athleticism that enable them to work for a long number of hours. Also, they have a very keen sense of smell. All these traits of Belgian Malinois make them perfect for police dog work, military K-9 service, private sector protection, and security work.
Q3 Why are Rottweilers not preferred for police work?
Although Rottweilers are known for their strength and ferocity, they are still not the top choices for K9 units. This is because of some of their characteristics like aggression, agility, dangerous bite, maturity time, lifespan, and size.
Q4 Do police dogs get paid?
Usually, police dogs are not paid. Instead, all their expenses, including food, shelter, medical care, etc., are taken care of by the department. These dogs live with the handlers/carers so that handlers get some additional pay to take care of them all the time.
Q5 What does K9 mean?
K9 normally signifies trained police dogs. It is pronounced similar to the canine that means a dog.
Q6 Why does a policeman always use a German Shepherd for police work?
It is not true that police always use German Shepherds for police work. There are also other breeds that are used for such tasks, including German Shepherd, Belgian Malinois, Bloodhounds, Giant Schnauzers, etc. However, it can be said that the German Shepherd is the most famous police dog breed. This is because it is the most intelligent, powerful, athletic, and energetic breed.
Whether it is the US or UK or India or Pakistan or any other country, each country is training dogs to make them a part of their fighting forces. The trend that started from a single breed – Bloodhound, has now been expanded to different breeds. When it comes to police dog breeds, it can be said that any dog can be made capable of being a part of a police team by giving them training, but some dogs have these features in their blood that make them a prior choice in K9 Units.
There is a famous saying, “If you want a friend, get a dog.” This is a very true statement; dogs can make your life too and save your life too.